Hillsborough: The Toppling Gate

April 6, 2013

by Martin Odoni

It’s a conversation every student of the Hillsborough Disaster has with a South Yorkshire Police apologist sooner or later. Yes, you’ll debunk the ‘ticketless masses’ crock, the ‘drunken mob’ myth, the ‘pushing and shoving’ fallacy (which invariably boils down to a fundamental misunderstanding of how crowd movements work in a confined space), and the ‘lateness’ lie. But your job will not be done until you have also addressed another claim they will resort to, one that displays a breath-taking ignorance of physical facts. Even when you’ve convinced the apologist that all evidence points to there being hardly any ticketless fans, minimal drunken behaviour, no pushing and shoving outwith the normal involuntary reflex to being in the middle of an overcrowded space, and that the Disaster’s genesis began nearly half an hour before kick-off, the apologist will still have to try and force mob behaviour into the equation somehow. At this stage, the retreat point will almost certainly be, “Well, the fans still shouldn’t have been in such a hurry to get in, should they? They shouldn’t have tried to force the gate! They were charging it so much it was about to fall over!” etc.

Now, leaving aside the fact that suddenly accusing the fans of “being in too much of a hurry to get in” rather contradicts the lateness accusation of “arriving at the last minute”, let us analyse the question of whether fans really did try to force the gate, and more importantly, whether the gate really was wobbling under the weight of a ‘mob’ and about to topple to the ground.

Chief Superintendent David Duckenfield, even as the Disaster was unfolding, infamously lied to the Chief Secretary of the FA, Graham Kelly, that fans had “forced an exit gate”.  In the hours that followed, it was discovered that none of the exit gates showed any signs whatsoever of having been forced – that they were in fact completely undamaged. Duckenfield later admitted that he had made it up in order to avoid an awkward argument in the middle of a major emergency.

However, in the weeks that followed, the South Yorkshire Police did start to put about the idea that the gate was opened because they were afraid that the fans outside the stadium were so out of control that they were about to charge the gate down, that it hadn’t been forced yet, but that it was weakening under the weight of fans charging it. This idea does appear to have taken a very firm root in the public consciousness.

Here’s the problem that a lot of people seem to be unaware of. When they hear the word ‘gate’, they seem to imagine a garden gate or a country fence – a rickety wooden door on rusty hinges, say. The difficulty with this notion can be seen in this picture; –

image016

Now this is actually Gate B rather than Gate C – I couldn’t find a clear image of Gate C from front-on – but all the exit gates at Hillsborough at the time followed the same basic design, and Gate B was the one that took the ‘brunt’ of the crowd pressure anyway. As you can see, the exit gates were made of far, far sterner stuff than rotting wood. They conformed to a heavy iron concertina design, protected by metallic frontal slats. Furthermore, if you look at the top of the gate, you can see that it was firmly railed-in by a solid steel frame connected into the wall itself.

The only way that this gate could be on the brink of ‘toppling over’ is if the wall as a whole was on the brink of collapsing too. But there was no trace of damage to that part of the wall at all. (Sheffield Wednesday later tried to claim compensation from the Football Association for some brick damage, but it was to a different part of the wall.) Even if the fans were charging the gate – which no witness who was actually in Leppings Lane at the time ever claimed to see – it would have been an utterly futile gesture. They would have done themselves far more damage than would be done to the gate. It would have needed a direct head-on collision by a speeding lorry to be sure of bringing down any of the Hillsborough exit gates.

There is not the slightest possibility that any exit gate at the Hillsborough stadium was on the brink of toppling over.

So this part of the Hillsborough myth is a complete non-starter, conclusively disproven by even the briefest perusal of the facts.

______

More about the Hillsborough Disaster; –

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/hillsborough-the-myths/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/hillsborough-did-gate-c-even-matter/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2012/10/28/hillsborough-more-on-thatcherthat-quote-that-never-goes-away/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2012/10/14/hillsborough-ticketlessness-was-not-a-factor-and-this-is-how-we-know/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/hillsborough-digging-the-dirt/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/05/21/hillsborough-meet-a-silly-old-dear/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/04/06/Hillsborough-discursive-types/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/04/21/hillsborough-correct-historical-context/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/04/18/hillsborough-anne-williamsa-real-world-heroine/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/09/19/hillsborough-please-stop-obsessing-over-norman-bleeding-bettison/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/11/01/hillsborough-where-was-i/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2013/11/22/hillsborough-the-crush-barriera-smoking-gun/

https://thegreatcritique.wordpress.com/2014/02/09/hillsborough-oh-its-the-drunken-fans-chestnut-again-is-it-dont-even-go-there/

Advertisements

4 Responses to “Hillsborough: The Toppling Gate”

  1. MandyC Says:

    Here is a really odd statement by PC Tracy Segervius http://hillsborough.independent.gov.uk/repository/docs/SYP000005770001.pdf

    She claims that at 3pm she was ordered to attend the Leppings Lane end of the stadium. When she went there, fans were fighting, knocking each other over at the turnstiles and demanding the large gate to their left (I assume gate C) was opened.

    She could see the gate was bowed under the pressure of people outside the grounds. The gates were opened and people were ashen faced, some almost unconscious.

    She then attended the terrace where she could see another crush.

    The only problem with her statement is that it fits nothing I have read about that day. Gate C was opened around 2.50pm – 10 minutes before she got the call to attend the Leppings Lane end. It remained open until 2.57pm. We have CCTV footage showing quite clearly that people walked in once the gate was opened and there didn’t appear to be any crowd putting pressure on the gate . People were already dead and dying in the terraces by 3pm. No one reported a dangerous crush after 3pm outside the stadium.

    Were there two outside crushes – one at around 2.40pm and one after 3pm?

    Or is this part of the lie about Gate C being on the verge of collapsing?

    • Martin Odoni Says:

      Also, how could the gate be bowed without the frontal slats being broken off?

      • MandyC Says:

        Right, plus if she’s inside (seeing the gate ‘bowing’ and the people’s faces when they come in – how could she also see them fighting at the turnstiles and someone asking her (or her overhearing someone being asked) to open the gate or people will start dying? Was she outside the gate or inside?

        Her statement literally (and I mean that in the literal sense of the word) does not make any sense on many levels.

    • Martin Odoni Says:

      Agreed, it reads like an eye-witness account by Super-girl, or at least someone who would have to be able to fly and see through solid objects.


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: